mne.minimum_norm.estimate_snr¶

mne.minimum_norm.
estimate_snr
(evoked, inv, verbose=None)[source]¶ Estimate the SNR as a function of time for evoked data.
 Parameters
 evokedinstance of
Evoked
Evoked instance.
 invinstance of
InverseOperator
The inverse operator.
 verbosebool,
str
,int
, orNone
If not None, override default verbose level (see
mne.verbose()
and Logging documentation for more). If used, it should be passed as a keywordargument only.
 evokedinstance of
 Returns
Notes
snr_est
is estimated by using different amounts of inverse regularization and checking the mismatch between predicted and measured whitened data.In more detail, given our whitened inverse obtained from SVD:
\[\tilde{M} = R^\frac{1}{2}V\Gamma U^T\]The values in the diagonal matrix \(\Gamma\) are expressed in terms of the chosen regularization \(\lambda\approx\frac{1}{\rm{SNR}^2}\) and singular values \(\lambda_k\) as:
\[\gamma_k = \frac{1}{\lambda_k}\frac{\lambda_k^2}{\lambda_k^2 + \lambda^2}\]We also know that our predicted data is given by:
\[\hat{x}(t) = G\hat{j}(t)=C^\frac{1}{2}U\Pi w(t)\]And thus our predicted whitened data is just:
\[\hat{w}(t) = U\Pi w(t)\]Where \(\Pi\) is diagonal with entries entries:
\[\lambda_k\gamma_k = \frac{\lambda_k^2}{\lambda_k^2 + \lambda^2}\]If we use no regularization, note that \(\Pi\) is just the identity matrix. Here we test the squared magnitude of the difference between unregularized solution and regularized solutions, choosing the biggest regularization that achieves a \(\chi^2\)test significance of 0.001.
New in version 0.9.0.