mne.time_frequency.psd_multitaper(inst, fmin=0, fmax=inf, tmin=None, tmax=None, bandwidth=None, adaptive=False, low_bias=True, normalization='length', picks=None, proj=False, n_jobs=None, reject_by_annotation=False, *, verbose=None)[source]#


DEPRECATED: Function psd_multitaper() is deprecated; for Raw/Epochs/Evoked instances use spectrum = instance.compute_psd(method=”multitaper”) instead, followed by spectrum.get_data(return_freqs=True)..

Compute the power spectral density (PSD) using multitapers.

Calculates spectral density for orthogonal tapers, then averages them together for each channel/epoch. See [1] for a description of the tapers and [2] for the general method.

instinstance of Epochs or Raw or Evoked

The data for PSD calculation.

fmin, fmaxfloat

The lower- and upper-bound on frequencies of interest. Default is fmin=0, fmax=np.inf (spans all frequencies present in the data).

tmin, tmaxfloat | None

First and last times to include, in seconds. None uses the first or last time present in the data. Default is tmin=None, tmax=None (all times).


The bandwidth of the multi taper windowing function in Hz. The default value is a window half-bandwidth of 4.


Use adaptive weights to combine the tapered spectra into PSD (slow, use n_jobs >> 1 to speed up computation).


Only use tapers with more than 90% spectral concentration within bandwidth.

normalization‘full’ | ‘length’

Normalization strategy. If “full”, the PSD will be normalized by the sampling rate as well as the length of the signal (as in Nitime). Default is 'length'.

picksstr | array-like | slice | None

Channels to include. Slices and lists of integers will be interpreted as channel indices. In lists, channel type strings (e.g., ['meg', 'eeg']) will pick channels of those types, channel name strings (e.g., ['MEG0111', 'MEG2623'] will pick the given channels. Can also be the string values “all” to pick all channels, or “data” to pick data channels. None (default) will pick good data channels (excluding reference MEG channels). Note that channels in info['bads'] will be included if their names or indices are explicitly provided.


Whether to apply SSP projection vectors before spectral estimation. Default is False.

n_jobsint | None

The number of jobs to run in parallel. If -1, it is set to the number of CPU cores. Requires the joblib package. None (default) is a marker for ‘unset’ that will be interpreted as n_jobs=1 (sequential execution) unless the call is performed under a joblib.parallel_backend() context manager that sets another value for n_jobs.


Whether to omit bad segments from the data before fitting. If True (default), annotated segments whose description begins with 'bad' are omitted. If False, no rejection based on annotations is performed.

Has no effect if inst is not a object.

verbosebool | str | int | None

Control verbosity of the logging output. If None, use the default verbosity level. See the logging documentation and mne.verbose() for details. Should only be passed as a keyword argument.

psdsndarray, shape (…, n_freqs)

The power spectral densities. If input is of type Raw, then psds will be shape (n_channels, n_freqs), if input is type Epochs then psds will be shape (n_epochs, n_channels, n_freqs).

freqsndarray, shape (n_freqs,)

The frequencies.


New in version 0.12.0.


Examples using mne.time_frequency.psd_multitaper#

The Spectrum and EpochsSpectrum classes: frequency-domain data

The Spectrum and EpochsSpectrum classes: frequency-domain data

The Spectrum and EpochsSpectrum classes: frequency-domain data
Frequency and time-frequency sensor analysis

Frequency and time-frequency sensor analysis

Frequency and time-frequency sensor analysis