MNE-Python requires Python and several Python packages. MNE-Python
version 0.23 requires Python version 3.6 or higher. We
recommend the Anaconda distribution of Python, which comes with more than
250 scientific packages pre-bundled and includes the
conda command line
tool for installing new packages and managing different package sets
(“environments”) for different projects.
To get started, follow the installation instructions for Anaconda.
When you are done, if you type the following commands in a command shell,
you should see outputs similar to the following (assuming you installed
$ conda --version && python --version conda 4.9.2 Python 3.7.7 :: Anaconda, Inc. $ which python /home/user/anaconda3/bin/python $ which pip /home/user/anaconda3/bin/pip
$ conda --version && python --version conda 4.9.2 Python 3.7.7 $ which python /Users/user/opt/anaconda3/bin/python $ which pip /Users/user/opt/anaconda3/bin/pip
Most of our instructions start with
$, which indicates
that the commands are designed to be run from a
bash command shell.
Windows command prompts do not expose the same command-line tools as
bash shells, so commands like
which will not work. You can test
your installation in Windows
cmd.exe shells with
> where python C:\Users\user\anaconda3\python.exe > where pip C:\Users\user\anaconda3\Scripts\pip.exe
If you see something like:
conda: command not found
It means that your
PATH variable (what the system uses to find
programs) is not set properly. In a correct installation, doing:
$ echo $PATH ...:/home/user/anaconda3/bin:...
Will show the Anaconda binary path (above) somewhere in the output
(probably at or near the beginning), but the
command not found error
suggests that it is missing.
On Linux or macOS, the installer should have put something
like the following in your
~/.bash_profile (or your
.zprofile if you’re using macOS Catalina or later, where the default
# >>> conda initialize >>> # !! Contents within this block are managed by 'conda init' !! __conda_setup= ... ... # <<< conda initialize <<<
If this is missing, it is possible that you are not on the same shell that was used during the installation. You can verify which shell you are on by using the command:
$ echo $SHELL
If you do not find this line in the configuration file for the shell you are using (bash, zsh, tcsh, etc.), try running:
in your command shell. If your shell is not
cmd.exe (Windows) or
bash (Linux, macOS) you will need to pass the name of the shell to the
conda init command. See
conda init --help for more info and
You can also consult the Anaconda documentation and search for
Anaconda install tips (Stack Overflow results are often helpful)
to fix these or other problems when
conda does not work.