Extracting time course from source_estimate object#

Load a SourceEstimate object from stc files and extract the time course of activation in individual labels, as well as in a complex label formed through merging two labels.

# Author: Christian Brodbeck <christianbrodbeck@nyu.edu>
# License: BSD-3-Clause
import mne
from mne.datasets import sample
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt


data_path = sample.data_path()
subjects_dir = data_path / 'subjects'
meg_path = data_path / 'MEG' / 'sample'

# load the stc
stc = mne.read_source_estimate(meg_path / 'sample_audvis-meg')

# load the labels
aud_lh = mne.read_label(meg_path / 'labels' / 'Aud-lh.label')
aud_rh = mne.read_label(meg_path / 'labels' / 'Aud-rh.label')

# extract the time course for different labels from the stc
stc_lh = stc.in_label(aud_lh)
stc_rh = stc.in_label(aud_rh)
stc_bh = stc.in_label(aud_lh + aud_rh)

# calculate center of mass and transform to mni coordinates
vtx, _, t_lh = stc_lh.center_of_mass('sample', subjects_dir=subjects_dir)
mni_lh = mne.vertex_to_mni(vtx, 0, 'sample', subjects_dir=subjects_dir)[0]
vtx, _, t_rh = stc_rh.center_of_mass('sample', subjects_dir=subjects_dir)
mni_rh = mne.vertex_to_mni(vtx, 1, 'sample', subjects_dir=subjects_dir)[0]

# plot the activation
plt.axes([.1, .275, .85, .625])
hl = plt.plot(stc.times, stc_lh.data.mean(0), 'b')[0]
hr = plt.plot(stc.times, stc_rh.data.mean(0), 'g')[0]
hb = plt.plot(stc.times, stc_bh.data.mean(0), 'r')[0]
plt.xlabel('Time (s)')
plt.ylabel('Source amplitude (dSPM)')
plt.xlim(stc.times[0], stc.times[-1])

# add a legend including center-of-mass mni coordinates to the plot
labels = ['LH: center of mass = %s' % mni_lh.round(2),
          'RH: center of mass = %s' % mni_rh.round(2),
          'Combined LH & RH']
plt.figlegend([hl, hr, hb], labels, loc='lower center')
plt.suptitle('Average activation in auditory cortex labels', fontsize=20)
Average activation in auditory cortex labels

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 2.443 seconds)

Estimated memory usage: 9 MB

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