- mne.io.read_raw_edf(input_fname, eog=None, misc=None, stim_channel='auto', exclude=(), infer_types=False, include=None, preload=False, units=None, encoding='utf8', *, verbose=None)#
Reader function for EDF and EDF+ files.
Path to the EDF or EDF+ file.
Names of channels or list of indices that should be designated EOG channels. Values should correspond to the electrodes in the file. Default is None.
Names of channels or list of indices that should be designated MISC channels. Values should correspond to the electrodes in the file. Default is None.
'auto', which means that channels named
'trigger'(case insensitive) are set to STIM. If str (or list of str), all channels matching the name(s) are set to STIM. If int (or list of ints), channels corresponding to the indices are set to STIM.
Channel names to exclude. This can help when reading data with different sampling rates to avoid unnecessary resampling. A str is interpreted as a regular expression.
If True, try to infer channel types from channel labels. If a channel label starts with a known type (such as ‘EEG’) followed by a space and a name (such as ‘Fp1’), the channel type will be set accordingly, and the channel will be renamed to the original label without the prefix. For unknown prefixes, the type will be ‘EEG’ and the name will not be modified. If False, do not infer types and assume all channels are of type ‘EEG’.
New in v0.24.1.
Channel names to be included. A str is interpreted as a regular expression. ‘exclude’ must be empty if include is assigned.
New in v1.1.
Preload data into memory for data manipulation and faster indexing. If True, the data will be preloaded into memory (fast, requires large amount of memory). If preload is a string, preload is the file name of a memory-mapped file which is used to store the data on the hard drive (slower, requires less memory).
The units of the channels as stored in the file. This argument is useful only if the units are missing from the original file. If a dict, it must map a channel name to its unit, and if str it is assumed that all channels have the same units.
Encoding of annotations channel(s). Default is “utf8” (the only correct encoding according to the EDF+ standard).
- rawinstance of RawEDF
The raw instance. See
mne.io.Rawfor documentation of attributes and methods.
mne.io.Rawonly stores signals with matching sampling frequencies. Therefore, if mixed sampling frequency signals are requested, all signals are upsampled to the highest loaded sampling frequency. In this case, using preload=True is recommended, as otherwise, edge artifacts appear when slices of the signal are requested.
It is worth noting that in some special cases, it may be necessary to shift event values in order to retrieve correct event triggers. This depends on the triggering device used to perform the synchronization. For instance, in some files events need to be shifted by 8 bits:
>>> events[:, 2] >>= 8
TAL channels called ‘EDF Annotations’ are parsed and extracted annotations are stored in raw.annotations. Use
mne.events_from_annotations()to obtain events from these annotations.
If channels named ‘status’ or ‘trigger’ are present, they are considered as STIM channels by default. Use func:
mne.find_eventsto parse events encoded in such analog stim channels.
The EDF specification allows optional storage of channel types in the prefix of the signal label for each channel. For example,
EEG Fzimplies that
Fzis an EEG channel and
MISC Ewould imply
Eis a MISC channel. However, there is no standard way of specifying all channel types. MNE-Python will try to infer the channel type, when such a string exists, defaulting to EEG, when there is no prefix or the prefix is not recognized.
The following prefix strings are mapped to MNE internal types:
The EDF specification allows storage of subseconds in measurement date. However, this reader currently sets subseconds to 0 by default.