mne.preprocessing.infomax

mne.preprocessing.infomax(data, weights=None, l_rate=None, block=None, w_change=1e-12, anneal_deg=60.0, anneal_step=0.9, extended=True, n_subgauss=1, kurt_size=6000, ext_blocks=1, max_iter=200, random_state=None, blowup=10000.0, blowup_fac=0.5, n_small_angle=20, use_bias=True, verbose=None)[source]

Run (extended) Infomax ICA decomposition on raw data.

Parameters
datanp.ndarray, shape (n_samples, n_features)

The whitened data to unmix.

weightsnp.ndarray, shape (n_features, n_features)

The initialized unmixing matrix. Defaults to None, which means the identity matrix is used.

l_ratefloat

This quantity indicates the relative size of the change in weights. Defaults to 0.01 / log(n_features ** 2).

Note

Smaller learning rates will slow down the ICA procedure.

blockint

The block size of randomly chosen data segments. Defaults to floor(sqrt(n_times / 3.)).

w_changefloat

The change at which to stop iteration. Defaults to 1e-12.

anneal_degfloat

The angle (in degrees) at which the learning rate will be reduced. Defaults to 60.0.

anneal_stepfloat

The factor by which the learning rate will be reduced once anneal_deg is exceeded: l_rate *= anneal_step. Defaults to 0.9.

extendedbool

Whether to use the extended Infomax algorithm or not. Defaults to True.

n_subgaussint

The number of subgaussian components. Only considered for extended Infomax. Defaults to 1.

kurt_sizeint

The window size for kurtosis estimation. Only considered for extended Infomax. Defaults to 6000.

ext_blocksint

Only considered for extended Infomax. If positive, denotes the number of blocks after which to recompute the kurtosis, which is used to estimate the signs of the sources. In this case, the number of sub-gaussian sources is automatically determined. If negative, the number of sub-gaussian sources to be used is fixed and equal to n_subgauss. In this case, the kurtosis is not estimated. Defaults to 1.

max_iterint

The maximum number of iterations. Defaults to 200.

random_stateNone | int | instance of RandomState

If random_state is an int, it will be used as a seed for RandomState. If None, the seed will be obtained from the operating system (see RandomState for details). Default is None.

blowupfloat

The maximum difference allowed between two successive estimations of the unmixing matrix. Defaults to 10000.

blowup_facfloat

The factor by which the learning rate will be reduced if the difference between two successive estimations of the unmixing matrix exceededs blowup: l_rate *= blowup_fac. Defaults to 0.5.

n_small_angleint | None

The maximum number of allowed steps in which the angle between two successive estimations of the unmixing matrix is less than anneal_deg. If None, this parameter is not taken into account to stop the iterations. Defaults to 20.

use_biasbool

This quantity indicates if the bias should be computed. Defaults to True.

verbosebool, str, int, or None

If not None, override default verbose level (see mne.verbose() and Logging documentation for more).

Returns
unmixing_matrixnp.ndarray, shape (n_features, n_features)

The linear unmixing operator.

References

1

A. J. Bell, T. J. Sejnowski. An information-maximization approach to blind separation and blind deconvolution. Neural Computation, 7(6), 1129-1159, 1995.

2

T. W. Lee, M. Girolami, T. J. Sejnowski. Independent component analysis using an extended infomax algorithm for mixed subgaussian and supergaussian sources. Neural Computation, 11(2), 417-441, 1999.