mne.minimum_norm.estimate_snr(evoked, inv, verbose=None)[source]#

Estimate the SNR as a function of time for evoked data.

evokedinstance of Evoked

Evoked instance.

invinstance of InverseOperator

The inverse operator.

verbosebool | str | int | None

Control verbosity of the logging output. If None, use the default verbosity level. See the logging documentation and mne.verbose() for details. Should only be passed as a keyword argument.

snrndarray, shape (n_times,)

The SNR estimated from the whitened data (i.e., GFP of whitened data).

snr_estndarray, shape (n_times,)

The SNR estimated using the mismatch between the unregularized solution and the regularized solution.


snr_est is estimated by using different amounts of inverse regularization and checking the mismatch between predicted and measured whitened data.

In more detail, given our whitened inverse obtained from SVD:

\[\tilde{M} = R^\frac{1}{2}V\Gamma U^T\]

The values in the diagonal matrix \(\Gamma\) are expressed in terms of the chosen regularization \(\lambda^2 \sim 1/\rm{SNR}^2\) and singular values \(\lambda_k\) as:

\[\gamma_k = \frac{1}{\lambda_k}\frac{\lambda_k^2}{\lambda_k^2 + \lambda^2}\]

We also know that our predicted data is given by:

\[\hat{x}(t) = G\hat{j}(t)=C^\frac{1}{2}U\Pi w(t)\]

And thus our predicted whitened data is just:

\[\hat{w}(t) = U\Pi w(t)\]

Where \(\Pi\) is diagonal with entries entries:

\[\lambda_k\gamma_k = \frac{\lambda_k^2}{\lambda_k^2 + \lambda^2}\]

If we use no regularization, note that \(\Pi\) is just the identity matrix. Here we test the squared magnitude of the difference between unregularized solution and regularized solutions, choosing the biggest regularization that achieves a \(\chi^2\)-test significance of 0.001.

New in v0.9.0.