mne.viz.plot_ica_components(ica, picks=None, ch_type=None, *, inst=None, plot_std=True, reject='auto', sensors=True, show_names=False, contours=6, outlines='head', sphere=None, image_interp='cubic', extrapolate='auto', border='mean', res=64, size=1, cmap='RdBu_r', vlim=(None, None), cnorm=None, colorbar=False, cbar_fmt='%3.2f', axes=None, title=None, nrows='auto', ncols='auto', show=True, image_args=None, psd_args=None, verbose=None)[source]#

Project mixing matrix on interpolated sensor topography.

icainstance of mne.preprocessing.ICA

The ICA solution.

picksint | list of int | slice | None

Indices of the independent components (ICs) to visualize. If an integer, represents the index of the IC to pick. Multiple ICs can be selected using a list of int or a slice. The indices are 0-indexed, so picks=1 will pick the second IC: ICA001. None will pick all independent components in the order fitted.

ch_type‘mag’ | ‘grad’ | ‘planar1’ | ‘planar2’ | ‘eeg’ | None

The channel type to plot. For 'grad', the gradiometers are collected in pairs and the RMS for each pair is plotted. If None the first available channel type from order shown above is used. Defaults to None.

instRaw | Epochs | None

To be able to see component properties after clicking on component topomap you need to pass relevant data - instances of Raw or Epochs (for example the data that ICA was trained on). This takes effect only when running matplotlib in interactive mode.

plot_stdbool | float

Whether to plot standard deviation in ERP/ERF and spectrum plots. Defaults to True, which plots one standard deviation above/below. If set to float allows to control how many standard deviations are plotted. For example 2.5 will plot 2.5 standard deviation above/below.

reject'auto' | dict | None

Allows to specify rejection parameters used to drop epochs (or segments if continuous signal is passed as inst). If None, no rejection is applied. The default is ‘auto’, which applies the rejection parameters used when fitting the ICA object.

sensorsbool | str

Whether to add markers for sensor locations. If str, should be a valid matplotlib format string (e.g., 'r+' for red plusses, see the Notes section of plot()). If True (the default), black circles will be used.

show_namesbool | callable()

If True, show channel names next to each sensor marker. If callable, channel names will be formatted using the callable; e.g., to delete the prefix ‘MEG ‘ from all channel names, pass the function lambda x: x.replace('MEG ', ''). If mask is not None, only non-masked sensor names will be shown.

contoursint | array_like

The number of contour lines to draw. If 0, no contours will be drawn. If a positive integer, that number of contour levels are chosen using the matplotlib tick locator (may sometimes be inaccurate, use array for accuracy). If array-like, the array values are used as the contour levels. The values should be in µV for EEG, fT for magnetometers and fT/m for gradiometers. If colorbar=True, the colorbar will have ticks corresponding to the contour levels. Default is 6.

outlines‘head’ | dict | None

The outlines to be drawn. If ‘head’, the default head scheme will be drawn. If dict, each key refers to a tuple of x and y positions, the values in ‘mask_pos’ will serve as image mask. Alternatively, a matplotlib patch object can be passed for advanced masking options, either directly or as a function that returns patches (required for multi-axis plots). If None, nothing will be drawn. Defaults to ‘head’.

spherefloat | array_like | instance of ConductorModel | None | ‘auto’ | ‘eeglab’

The sphere parameters to use for the head outline. Can be array-like of shape (4,) to give the X/Y/Z origin and radius in meters, or a single float to give just the radius (origin assumed 0, 0, 0). Can also be an instance of a spherical ConductorModel to use the origin and radius from that object. If 'auto' the sphere is fit to digitization points. If 'eeglab' the head circle is defined by EEG electrodes 'Fpz', 'Oz', 'T7', and 'T8' (if 'Fpz' is not present, it will be approximated from the coordinates of 'Oz'). None (the default) is equivalent to 'auto' when enough extra digitization points are available, and (0, 0, 0, 0.095) otherwise.

New in v0.20.

Changed in version 1.1: Added 'eeglab' option.


The image interpolation to be used. Options are 'cubic' (default) to use scipy.interpolate.CloughTocher2DInterpolator, 'nearest' to use scipy.spatial.Voronoi or 'linear' to use scipy.interpolate.LinearNDInterpolator.



  • 'box'

    Extrapolate to four points placed to form a square encompassing all data points, where each side of the square is three times the range of the data in the respective dimension.

  • 'local' (default for MEG sensors)

    Extrapolate only to nearby points (approximately to points closer than median inter-electrode distance). This will also set the mask to be polygonal based on the convex hull of the sensors.

  • 'head' (default for non-MEG sensors)

    Extrapolate out to the edges of the clipping circle. This will be on the head circle when the sensors are contained within the head circle, but it can extend beyond the head when sensors are plotted outside the head circle.

New in v1.3.

borderfloat | ‘mean’

Value to extrapolate to on the topomap borders. If 'mean' (default), then each extrapolated point has the average value of its neighbours.

New in v1.3.


The resolution of the topomap image (number of pixels along each side).


Side length of each subplot in inches.

New in v1.3.

cmapmatplotlib colormap | (colormap, bool) | ‘interactive’ | None

Colormap to use. If tuple, the first value indicates the colormap to use and the second value is a boolean defining interactivity. In interactive mode the colors are adjustable by clicking and dragging the colorbar with left and right mouse button. Left mouse button moves the scale up and down and right mouse button adjusts the range. Hitting space bar resets the range. Up and down arrows can be used to change the colormap. If None, 'Reds' is used for data that is either all-positive or all-negative, and 'RdBu_r' is used otherwise. 'interactive' is equivalent to (None, True). Defaults to None.


Interactive mode works smoothly only for a small amount of topomaps. Interactive mode is disabled by default for more than 2 topomaps.

vlimtuple of length 2

Lower and upper bounds of the colormap, typically a numeric value in the same units as the data. If both entries are None, the bounds are set at (min(data), max(data)). Providing None for just one entry will set the corresponding boundary at the min/max of the data. Defaults to (None, None).

New in v1.3.

cnormmatplotlib.colors.Normalize | None

How to normalize the colormap. If None, standard linear normalization is performed. If not None, vmin and vmax will be ignored. See Matplotlib docs for more details on colormap normalization, and the ERDs example for an example of its use.

New in v1.3.


Plot a colorbar in the rightmost column of the figure.


Formatting string for colorbar tick labels. See Format Specification Mini-Language for details.

axesAxes | array of Axes | None

The subplot(s) to plot to. Either a single Axes or an iterable of Axes if more than one subplot is needed. The number of subplots must match the number of selected components. If None, new figures will be created with the number of subplots per figure controlled by nrows and ncols.

titlestr | None

The title of the generated figure. If None (default) and axes=None, a default title of “ICA Components” will be used.

nrows, ncolsint | ‘auto’

The number of rows and columns of topographies to plot. If both nrows and ncols are 'auto', will plot up to 20 components in a 5×4 grid, and return multiple figures if more than 20 components are requested. If one is 'auto' and the other a scalar, a single figure is generated. If scalars are provided for both arguments, will plot up to nrows*ncols components in a grid and return multiple figures as needed. Default is nrows='auto', ncols='auto'.

New in v1.3.


Show the figure if True.

image_argsdict | None

Dictionary of arguments to pass to plot_epochs_image() in interactive mode. Ignored if inst is not supplied. If None, nothing is passed. Defaults to None.

psd_argsdict | None

Dictionary of arguments to pass to compute_psd() in interactive mode. Ignored if inst is not supplied. If None, nothing is passed. Defaults to None.

verbosebool | str | int | None

Control verbosity of the logging output. If None, use the default verbosity level. See the logging documentation and mne.verbose() for details. Should only be passed as a keyword argument.

figinstance of matplotlib.figure.Figure | list of matplotlib.figure.Figure

The figure object(s).


When run in interactive mode, plot_ica_components allows to reject components by clicking on their title label. The state of each component is indicated by its label color (gray: rejected; black: retained). It is also possible to open component properties by clicking on the component topomap (this option is only available when the inst argument is supplied).