mne.viz.plot_ica_components#

mne.viz.plot_ica_components(ica, picks=None, ch_type=None, res=64, vmin=None, vmax=None, cmap='RdBu_r', sensors=True, colorbar=False, title=None, show=True, outlines='head', contours=6, image_interp='cubic', inst=None, plot_std=True, topomap_args=None, image_args=None, psd_args=None, reject='auto', sphere=None, *, verbose=None)[source]#

Project mixing matrix on interpolated sensor topography.

Parameters:
icainstance of mne.preprocessing.ICA

The ICA solution.

picksint | list of int | slice | None

Indices of the independent components (ICs) to visualize. If an integer, represents the index of the IC to pick. Multiple ICs can be selected using a list of int or a slice. The indices are 0-indexed, so picks=1 will pick the second IC: ICA001. None will pick all independent components in the order fitted.

ch_type‘mag’ | ‘grad’ | ‘planar1’ | ‘planar2’ | ‘eeg’ | None

The channel type to plot. For 'grad', the gradiometers are collected in pairs and the RMS for each pair is plotted. If None the first available channel type from order shown above is used. Defaults to None.

resint

The resolution of the topomap image (number of pixels along each side).

vmin, vmaxfloat | callable() | None

Lower and upper bounds of the colormap, in the same units as the data. If vmin and vmax are both None, they are set at ± the maximum absolute value of the data (yielding a colormap with midpoint at 0). If only one of vmin, vmax is None, will use min(data) or max(data), respectively. If callable, should accept a NumPy array of data and return a float.

cmapmatplotlib colormap | (colormap, bool) | ‘interactive’ | None

Colormap to use. If tuple, the first value indicates the colormap to use and the second value is a boolean defining interactivity. In interactive mode the colors are adjustable by clicking and dragging the colorbar with left and right mouse button. Left mouse button moves the scale up and down and right mouse button adjusts the range. Hitting space bar resets the range. Up and down arrows can be used to change the colormap. If None, 'Reds' is used for data that is either all-positive or all-negative, and 'RdBu_r' is used otherwise. 'interactive' is equivalent to (None, True). Defaults to None.

Warning

Interactive mode works smoothly only for a small amount of topomaps. Interactive mode is disabled by default for more than 2 topomaps.

sensorsbool | str

Whether to add markers for sensor locations. If str, should be a valid matplotlib format string (e.g., 'r+' for red plusses, see the Notes section of plot()). If True (the default), black circles will be used.

colorbarbool

Plot a colorbar in the rightmost column of the figure.

titlestr | None

Title to use.

showbool

Show the figure if True.

outlines‘head’ | dict | None

The outlines to be drawn. If ‘head’, the default head scheme will be drawn. If dict, each key refers to a tuple of x and y positions, the values in ‘mask_pos’ will serve as image mask. Alternatively, a matplotlib patch object can be passed for advanced masking options, either directly or as a function that returns patches (required for multi-axis plots). If None, nothing will be drawn. Defaults to ‘head’.

contoursint | array_like

The number of contour lines to draw. If 0, no contours will be drawn. If a positive integer, that number of contour levels are chosen using the matplotlib tick locator (may sometimes be inaccurate, use array for accuracy). If array-like, the array values are used as the contour levels. The values should be in µV for EEG, fT for magnetometers and fT/m for gradiometers. If colorbar=True, the colorbar will have ticks corresponding to the contour levels. Default is 6.

image_interpstr

The image interpolation to be used. Options are 'cubic' (default) to use scipy.interpolate.CloughTocher2DInterpolator, 'nearest' to use scipy.spatial.Voronoi or 'linear' to use scipy.interpolate.LinearNDInterpolator.

instRaw | Epochs | None

To be able to see component properties after clicking on component topomap you need to pass relevant data - instances of Raw or Epochs (for example the data that ICA was trained on). This takes effect only when running matplotlib in interactive mode.

plot_stdbool | float

Whether to plot standard deviation in ERP/ERF and spectrum plots. Defaults to True, which plots one standard deviation above/below. If set to float allows to control how many standard deviations are plotted. For example 2.5 will plot 2.5 standard deviation above/below.

topomap_argsdict | None

Dictionary of arguments to plot_topomap. If None, doesn’t pass any additional arguments. Defaults to None.

image_argsdict | None

Dictionary of arguments to plot_epochs_image. If None, doesn’t pass any additional arguments. Defaults to None.

psd_argsdict | None

Dictionary of arguments to compute_psd(). If None, doesn’t pass any additional arguments. Defaults to None.

reject‘auto’ | dict | None

Allows to specify rejection parameters used to drop epochs (or segments if continuous signal is passed as inst). If None, no rejection is applied. The default is ‘auto’, which applies the rejection parameters used when fitting the ICA object.

spherefloat | array_like | instance of ConductorModel | None | ‘auto’ | ‘eeglab’

The sphere parameters to use for the head outline. Can be array-like of shape (4,) to give the X/Y/Z origin and radius in meters, or a single float to give just the radius (origin assumed 0, 0, 0). Can also be an instance of a spherical ConductorModel to use the origin and radius from that object. If 'auto' the sphere is fit to digitization points. If 'eeglab' the head circle is defined by EEG electrodes 'Fpz', 'Oz', 'T7', and 'T8' (if 'Fpz' is not present, it will be approximated from the coordinates of 'Oz'). None (the default) is equivalent to 'auto' when enough extra digitization points are available, and (0, 0, 0, 0.095) otherwise.

New in version 0.20.

Changed in version 1.1: Added 'eeglab' option.

verbosebool | str | int | None

Control verbosity of the logging output. If None, use the default verbosity level. See the logging documentation and mne.verbose() for details. Should only be passed as a keyword argument.

Returns:
figinstance of matplotlib.figure.Figure | list of matplotlib.figure.Figure

The figure object(s). Components are plotted on a grid with maximum dimensions of 5⨉4. If more than 20 components are plotted, a new figure will be created for each batch of 20, and a list of those figures will be returned.

Notes

When run in interactive mode, plot_ica_components allows to reject components by clicking on their title label. The state of each component is indicated by its label color (gray: rejected; black: retained). It is also possible to open component properties by clicking on the component topomap (this option is only available when the inst argument is supplied).