mne.decoding.SlidingEstimator#

class mne.decoding.SlidingEstimator(base_estimator, scoring=None, n_jobs=None, *, verbose=None)[source]#

Search Light.

Fit, predict and score a series of models to each subset of the dataset along the last dimension. Each entry in the last dimension is referred to as a task.

Parameters
base_estimatorobject

The base estimator to iteratively fit on a subset of the dataset.

scoringcallable() | str | None

Score function (or loss function) with signature score_func(y, y_pred, **kwargs). Note that the “predict” method is automatically identified if scoring is a string (e.g. scoring='roc_auc' calls predict_proba), but is not automatically set if scoring is a callable (e.g. scoring=sklearn.metrics.roc_auc_score).

n_jobsint | None

The number of jobs to run in parallel. If -1, it is set to the number of CPU cores. Requires the joblib package. None (default) is a marker for ‘unset’ that will be interpreted as n_jobs=1 (sequential execution) unless the call is performed under a joblib.parallel_backend() context manager that sets another value for n_jobs.

verbosebool | str | int | None

Control verbosity of the logging output. If None, use the default verbosity level. See the logging documentation and mne.verbose() for details. Should only be passed as a keyword argument.

Attributes
estimators_array-like, shape (n_tasks,)

List of fitted scikit-learn estimators (one per task).

Methods

decision_function(X)

Estimate distances of each data slice to the hyperplanes.

fit(X, y, **fit_params)

Fit a series of independent estimators to the dataset.

fit_transform(X, y, **fit_params)

Fit and transform a series of independent estimators to the dataset.

get_params([deep])

Get parameters for this estimator.

predict(X)

Predict each data slice/task with a series of independent estimators.

predict_proba(X)

Predict each data slice with a series of independent estimators.

score(X, y)

Score each estimator on each task.

set_params(**params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

transform(X)

Transform each data slice/task with a series of independent estimators.

decision_function(X)[source]#

Estimate distances of each data slice to the hyperplanes.

Parameters
Xarray, shape (n_samples, nd_features, n_tasks)

The input samples. For each data slice, the corresponding estimator outputs the distance to the hyperplane, e.g.: [estimators[ii].decision_function(X[..., ii]) for ii in range(n_estimators)]. The feature dimension can be multidimensional e.g. X.shape = (n_samples, n_features_1, n_features_2, n_estimators).

Returns
y_predarray, shape (n_samples, n_estimators, n_classes * (n_classes-1) // 2)

Predicted distances for each estimator/data slice.

Notes

This requires base_estimator to have a decision_function method.

fit(X, y, **fit_params)[source]#

Fit a series of independent estimators to the dataset.

Parameters
Xarray, shape (n_samples, nd_features, n_tasks)

The training input samples. For each data slice, a clone estimator is fitted independently. The feature dimension can be multidimensional e.g. X.shape = (n_samples, n_features_1, n_features_2, n_tasks).

yarray, shape (n_samples,) | (n_samples, n_targets)

The target values.

**fit_paramsdict of str -> object

Parameters to pass to the fit method of the estimator.

Returns
selfobject

Return self.

Examples using fit:

Decoding (MVPA)

Decoding (MVPA)

Decoding (MVPA)
Decoding source space data

Decoding source space data

Decoding source space data
Decoding sensor space data with generalization across time and conditions

Decoding sensor space data with generalization across time and conditions

Decoding sensor space data with generalization across time and conditions
fit_transform(X, y, **fit_params)[source]#

Fit and transform a series of independent estimators to the dataset.

Parameters
Xarray, shape (n_samples, nd_features, n_tasks)

The training input samples. For each task, a clone estimator is fitted independently. The feature dimension can be multidimensional, e.g.:

X.shape = (n_samples, n_features_1, n_features_2, n_estimators)
yarray, shape (n_samples,) | (n_samples, n_targets)

The target values.

**fit_paramsdict of str -> object

Parameters to pass to the fit method of the estimator.

Returns
y_predarray, shape (n_samples, n_tasks) | (n_samples, n_tasks, n_targets)

The predicted values for each estimator.

get_params(deep=True)[source]#

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters
deepbool, optional

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns
paramsdict

Parameter names mapped to their values.

predict(X)[source]#

Predict each data slice/task with a series of independent estimators.

The number of tasks in X should match the number of tasks/estimators given at fit time.

Parameters
Xarray, shape (n_samples, nd_features, n_tasks)

The input samples. For each data slice, the corresponding estimator makes the sample predictions, e.g.: [estimators[ii].predict(X[..., ii]) for ii in range(n_estimators)]. The feature dimension can be multidimensional e.g. X.shape = (n_samples, n_features_1, n_features_2, n_tasks).

Returns
y_predarray, shape (n_samples, n_estimators) | (n_samples, n_tasks, n_targets)

Predicted values for each estimator/data slice.

predict_proba(X)[source]#

Predict each data slice with a series of independent estimators.

The number of tasks in X should match the number of tasks/estimators given at fit time.

Parameters
Xarray, shape (n_samples, nd_features, n_tasks)

The input samples. For each data slice, the corresponding estimator makes the sample probabilistic predictions, e.g.: [estimators[ii].predict_proba(X[..., ii]) for ii in range(n_estimators)]. The feature dimension can be multidimensional e.g. X.shape = (n_samples, n_features_1, n_features_2, n_tasks).

Returns
y_predarray, shape (n_samples, n_tasks, n_classes)

Predicted probabilities for each estimator/data slice/task.

score(X, y)[source]#

Score each estimator on each task.

The number of tasks in X should match the number of tasks/estimators given at fit time, i.e. we need X.shape[-1] == len(self.estimators_).

Parameters
Xarray, shape (n_samples, nd_features, n_tasks)

The input samples. For each data slice, the corresponding estimator scores the prediction, e.g.: [estimators[ii].score(X[..., ii], y) for ii in range(n_estimators)]. The feature dimension can be multidimensional e.g. X.shape = (n_samples, n_features_1, n_features_2, n_tasks).

yarray, shape (n_samples,) | (n_samples, n_targets)

The target values.

Returns
scorearray, shape (n_samples, n_estimators)

Score for each estimator/task.

Examples using score:

Decoding sensor space data with generalization across time and conditions

Decoding sensor space data with generalization across time and conditions

Decoding sensor space data with generalization across time and conditions
set_params(**params)[source]#

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Parameters
**paramsdict

Parameters.

Returns
instinstance

The object.

transform(X)[source]#

Transform each data slice/task with a series of independent estimators.

The number of tasks in X should match the number of tasks/estimators given at fit time.

Parameters
Xarray, shape (n_samples, nd_features, n_tasks)

The input samples. For each data slice/task, the corresponding estimator makes a transformation of the data, e.g. [estimators[ii].transform(X[..., ii]) for ii in range(n_estimators)]. The feature dimension can be multidimensional e.g. X.shape = (n_samples, n_features_1, n_features_2, n_tasks).

Returns
Xtarray, shape (n_samples, n_estimators)

The transformed values generated by each estimator.

Examples using mne.decoding.SlidingEstimator#

Decoding (MVPA)

Decoding (MVPA)

Decoding (MVPA)
Decoding source space data

Decoding source space data

Decoding source space data
Decoding sensor space data with generalization across time and conditions

Decoding sensor space data with generalization across time and conditions

Decoding sensor space data with generalization across time and conditions