Compute induced power in the source space with dSPM#

Returns STC files ie source estimates of induced power for different bands in the source space. The inverse method is linear based on dSPM inverse operator.

# Authors: Alexandre Gramfort <alexandre.gramfort@inria.fr>
#
# License: BSD-3-Clause
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

import mne
from mne import io
from mne.datasets import sample
from mne.minimum_norm import read_inverse_operator, source_band_induced_power

print(__doc__)

Set parameters

data_path = sample.data_path()
meg_path = data_path / 'MEG' / 'sample'
raw_fname = meg_path / 'sample_audvis_raw.fif'
fname_inv = meg_path / 'sample_audvis-meg-oct-6-meg-inv.fif'
tmin, tmax, event_id = -0.2, 0.5, 1

# Setup for reading the raw data
raw = io.read_raw_fif(raw_fname)
events = mne.find_events(raw, stim_channel='STI 014')
inverse_operator = read_inverse_operator(fname_inv)

include = []
raw.info['bads'] += ['MEG 2443', 'EEG 053']  # bads + 2 more

# picks MEG gradiometers
picks = mne.pick_types(raw.info, meg=True, eeg=False, eog=True,
                       stim=False, include=include, exclude='bads')

# Load condition 1
event_id = 1
events = events[:10]  # take 10 events to keep the computation time low
# Use linear detrend to reduce any edge artifacts
epochs = mne.Epochs(raw, events, event_id, tmin, tmax, picks=picks,
                    baseline=(None, 0), reject=dict(grad=4000e-13, eog=150e-6),
                    preload=True, detrend=1)

# Compute a source estimate per frequency band
bands = dict(alpha=[9, 11], beta=[18, 22])

stcs = source_band_induced_power(epochs, inverse_operator, bands, n_cycles=2,
                                 use_fft=False, n_jobs=None)

for b, stc in stcs.items():
    stc.save('induced_power_%s' % b, overwrite=True)
Opening raw data file /home/circleci/mne_data/MNE-sample-data/MEG/sample/sample_audvis_raw.fif...
    Read a total of 3 projection items:
        PCA-v1 (1 x 102)  idle
        PCA-v2 (1 x 102)  idle
        PCA-v3 (1 x 102)  idle
    Range : 25800 ... 192599 =     42.956 ...   320.670 secs
Ready.
320 events found
Event IDs: [ 1  2  3  4  5 32]
Reading inverse operator decomposition from /home/circleci/mne_data/MNE-sample-data/MEG/sample/sample_audvis-meg-oct-6-meg-inv.fif...
    Reading inverse operator info...
    [done]
    Reading inverse operator decomposition...
    [done]
    305 x 305 full covariance (kind = 1) found.
    Read a total of 4 projection items:
        PCA-v1 (1 x 102) active
        PCA-v2 (1 x 102) active
        PCA-v3 (1 x 102) active
        Average EEG reference (1 x 60) active
    Noise covariance matrix read.
    22494 x 22494 diagonal covariance (kind = 2) found.
    Source covariance matrix read.
    22494 x 22494 diagonal covariance (kind = 6) found.
    Orientation priors read.
    22494 x 22494 diagonal covariance (kind = 5) found.
    Depth priors read.
    Did not find the desired covariance matrix (kind = 3)
    Reading a source space...
    Computing patch statistics...
    Patch information added...
    Distance information added...
    [done]
    Reading a source space...
    Computing patch statistics...
    Patch information added...
    Distance information added...
    [done]
    2 source spaces read
    Read a total of 4 projection items:
        PCA-v1 (1 x 102) active
        PCA-v2 (1 x 102) active
        PCA-v3 (1 x 102) active
        Average EEG reference (1 x 60) active
    Source spaces transformed to the inverse solution coordinate frame
Not setting metadata
2 matching events found
Setting baseline interval to [-0.19979521315838786, 0.0] sec
Applying baseline correction (mode: mean)
Created an SSP operator (subspace dimension = 3)
3 projection items activated
Loading data for 2 events and 421 original time points ...
0 bad epochs dropped
Preparing the inverse operator for use...
    Scaled noise and source covariance from nave = 1 to nave = 1
    Created the regularized inverter
    Created an SSP operator (subspace dimension = 3)
    Created the whitener using a noise covariance matrix with rank 302 (3 small eigenvalues omitted)
    Computing noise-normalization factors (dSPM)...
[done]
Picked 305 channels from the data
Computing inverse...
    Eigenleads need to be weighted ...
Reducing data rank 305 -> 302
Computing source power ...
[Parallel(n_jobs=1)]: Using backend SequentialBackend with 1 concurrent workers.
[Parallel(n_jobs=1)]: Done   1 out of   1 | elapsed:    2.3s remaining:    0.0s
[Parallel(n_jobs=1)]: Done   1 out of   1 | elapsed:    2.3s finished
[done]
[done]
Writing STC to disk...
[done]
Writing STC to disk...
[done]

plot mean power

plt.plot(stcs['alpha'].times, stcs['alpha'].data.mean(axis=0), label='Alpha')
plt.plot(stcs['beta'].times, stcs['beta'].data.mean(axis=0), label='Beta')
plt.xlabel('Time (ms)')
plt.ylabel('Power')
plt.legend()
plt.title('Mean source induced power')
plt.show()
Mean source induced power

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 9.688 seconds)

Estimated memory usage: 604 MB

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